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dc.contributor.authorLang, Weily
dc.contributor.authorLam, Wai
dc.contributor.authorJohnson, Brittany
dc.date.accessioned2021-09-07T19:28:34Z
dc.date.available2021-09-07T19:28:34Z
dc.date.issued2015-04-10
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1951/72976
dc.description.abstractAlcohol (ethanol) addiction is a common affliction with a strong genetic component. Though mammalian systems have provided significant insight into the molecular mechanisms involved in alcohol consumption and addiction, the effects of ethanol on reproductive behavior have not been well studied. Ethanol acts on multi-pleneural pathways in order to produce heightened behavioral responses. The fruitfly Drosophila melanogaster offers vast genetic resources, tools and databases in an insect model to investigate physiological mechanisms underlying behavior. The adaptive responses of flies have been shown to be strikingly similar to those of mammalian systems such as rodents and human. This implies that ethanol affects the fly and mammalian systems in a similar manner. In this study, we have used D. melanogaster as a model to explore the relationship between extensive alcohol feeding and its effect on mate choice. Virgin male fruitflies were fed 5% sucrose and 5% yeast extract in either distilled water or 15%ethanol. The amount of food consumed was monitored over four days, after which each male fly was paired with a virgin female. Frequency of courtship behaviors and matings were noted for each pair. It was found that D. melanogaster showed consistent preference for ethanol food over non-ethanol food. The consumption of ethanol was also found to heighten courtship behavior and down regulate fertility thereby reinforcing the important link between ethanol consumption and reproductive health. These findings provide novel insights into the physiological effects of ethanol on mating behavior and behavioral plasticity.
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.subjectAlcohol
dc.subjectEthanol
dc.subjectMate Choice
dc.subjectMate Preference
dc.subjectCourtship Behavior
dc.subjectMating Behavior
dc.subjectDrosophila Melanogaster
dc.subjectInsects
dc.subjectReproduction
dc.titleThe Effects of Ethanol on Courtship and Mating Preference in Drosophila melanogaster
dc.typeoral_presentation
dc.contributor.organizationLaGuardia Community College
dc.description.institutionSUNY Brockport
dc.description.publicationtitleSUNY Undergraduate Research Conference
dc.source.statuspublished


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