Relationship between competition motivation and eating styles in female collegiate athletes
Srijana KC1, Nicolena Efthymiou1, Miranda Kaye1, Amy L. Frith1
Ithaca College, Ithaca NY.
Purpose: To examine the relationship between achievement motivation and eating styles in female college athletes.
Methods: Participants were 71 female competitive college athletes (field hockey 30 percent, soccer 34 percent, volleyball 18 percent and basketball 18 percent) 18 to 22 years of age (Mage = 19.38; SD = 1.30). Mastery-approach (MAp), Mastery-avoidance (MAv), Performance-approach (PAp) and Performance-avoidance (PAv) goals were assessed with the 2 × 2 Achievement Goal Questionnaire for Sport (AGQ-S; Conroy et al., 2003). The Performance Failure Appraisal Inventory – short form (Conroy et. al., 2001) was used to measure fear of failure (FF). Eating styles (EES) were measured using Emotional Eating Scale (Arnow, Kenardy and Agras, 1995) and Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire (Van Strien, et al., 1986) with subscales: emotional (EmE), external (ExE) and restrictive (RE) eating.
Results: FF and PAv goals were significantly related to EES (r = .38, p
Conclusions: Different eating styles were associated with competition motives. Female college athletes who adopted avoidance orientations (FF and avoidance goals) have higher levels of emotional and restrained eating indicating individuals focused on the aversive consequences of competition adopt less healthy eating styles.
Keywords: Eating styles, achievement goals, competition motives