Catalytic mechanism of quinoprotein methanol dehydrogenase: A theoretical and x-ray crystallographic investigation
PublisherThe National Academy of Sciences
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DescriptionThe catalytic mechanism of the reductive half reaction of the quinoprotein methanol dehydrogenase (MDH) is believed to proceed either through a hemiketal intermediate or by direct transfer of a hydride ion from the substrate methyl group to the cofactor, pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ). A crystal structure of the enzyme-substrate complex of a similar quinoprotein, glucose dehydrogenase, has recently been reported that strongly favors the hydride transfer mechanism in that enzyme. A theoretical analysis and an improved refinement of the 1.9-Å resolution crystal structure of MDH from Methylophilus methylotrophus W3A1 in the presence of methanol, reported earlier, indicates that the observed tetrahedral configuration of the C-5 atom of PQQ in that study represents the C-5-reduced form of the cofactor and lends support for a hydride transfer mechanism for MDH.
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