This paper examines how US imperialism has historically affected the reproductive
rights of women in Puerto Rico. As a commonwealth of the US, Puerto Rico has been the subject
of considerable domination through programs of population control and as a testing lab for forms
of birth control. I argue that the US support for the sterilization of women and the experimental
testing of contraceptives during the 20th century has made a large contribution towards the consolidation
of American control over the island. In other words, US imperialism required not only
the physical invasion of land but also the invasion of Puerto Rican women’s bodies.