Male-out Migration and the “Left-Behind:” Agriculture and Food Security Policy Supports and the Woman Smallholder Farmer in Ghana
McConnell, Paula A.
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Migration has a deep effect on families, and small-holder family farms. When men migrate for economic opportunities, the “left-behind” women family members, already burdened with time poverty, often fill the gap to manage the farm without the resources, knowledge, or farm inputs required to succeed. Using the agricultural policy of Ghana as an example, this paper addresses the need for better agricultural policy to address the challenges that these invisible women farmers face is necessary to ensure global food security.