Populations on the brink: predictive estimates of time since recruitment for Elliptio complanata by thin-section aging of deceased individuals
Kugler, Mark L.
Gascho Landis, A.M.
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The population of Eastern Elliptio (Elliptio complanata) in the Susquehanna Watershed consists of older individuals that are not successfully reproducing. Recruitment failure often occurs before adult mortality, which can result in relict populations that persist for decades (Strayer & Malcolm, 2012).