There are many misconceptions within the fitness community. One such misconception is that an increase in muscle mass will have a large increase in basal metabolic rate, yet this may not be the best way for successful weight loss. The purpose of this study was to determine the strenght of the correlation between skeletal muscle mass and basal metabolic rate. The hypothesis tested was that basal metabolic rate is strongly correlated with skeletal muscle mass. Based on the methods used and the statistical analysis of the data collected, results of this study suggest that an increase in SMM is associated with BMR. There was 95% difference in kcals/day between the lowest and hights SMM value.