The purpose of this study was to determine if there are significant differences in metabolic alent (MET) or energy expenditure levels between ballet, modern, jazz, and tap dance zing heart rate (HR) monitoring, as well as accelerometry. A secondary purpose of this study was to evaluate the validity of an ActiGraph equation for predicting METs or energy expenditure as compared to the calculated METs from the HR data. It was concluded that supplemental physical training, in addition to skill training, needs to be tailored to the specific dance style being performed. Training needs to be planned and managed to the same extent as rehearsals are, as to allow dancers to peak for each performance period without increasing injury rate and occurrence of overtraining. Additionally, physiologists, clinicians and practitioners should use the information gathered in this study to properly prescribe dance-based physical activity for exercise.