The detailed study investigates the various problems faced by Mobile Ad hoc Networks because of their inherent characteristics. The characteristics make these networks vulnerable to various attacks. The attack known to be performed on MANETs were researched in order to gain better understanding and insight on how they can be defended against. The focus of this project was to secure the routing protocols, since routing plays a vital role in the operation of network and is the target of most attacks. Various research papers were referenced for collecting the information needed. The existing routing protocols were systematically categorized and compared. Additionally, advanced routing protocols that integrate cryptographic methods into them were studied to come to a conclusion that they are the most robust protocols that effectively protect the Mobile Ad hoc Networks against some dangerous attacks.
Securing the routing protocols is indeed the most important aspect for securing MANETs. However, there are other techniques that can be used as extensions for strengthening these networks, in addition to using a robust routing protocol.
Recommendations have been made for the same.
A Master's Project Presented to Department of Computer and Information Sciences in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Master of Science Degree.