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A Review of Cortisol: The “Stress Hormone”
Cortisol, also known as hydrocortisone, is a steroid hormone produced by the adrenal cortex in the adrenal gland of mammals. The zona fasciculata is the tissue that produces this glucocorticoid in response to stimulation ...
A Review of Thyroid Hormones and Graves’ Disease
There are two different types of thyroid hormones, T3 and T4. These two types mostly differ in their concentrations and potencies, with T3 being approx. 3x more potent than T4, and T4 being approx. 4x more prevalent in the ...
‘Fight or Flight Response’ hormone——Adrenaline
Adrenaline is a hormone secreted by the body. When people experience certain stimuli, such as excitement, fear, and stress, they release adrenaline, which causes the heart to beat faster, blood flow faster, and breathing ...
Review of Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH); Low Sperm Count in Men Explained
Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) is an essential reproductive hormone that acts in gonadal maturation and gamete production. This hormone has been identified in mammals (including humans), reptiles, and birds and has ...
Review of Human Growth Hormone
A Review of Autism and Melatonin
Melatonin is synthesized in the pineal gland of the brain from the amino acid tryptophan. Light cycles regulate melatonin synthesis and release, which is responsible for the circadian and seasonal signal within the human ...