Now showing items 1-10 of 14
Hemocyanin; Don’t Get in the Way of Blue Bloods
Hemocyanin is a large oxygen carrying protein in the blood of numerous invertebrates such as horseshoe crabs. It is immunogenic, meaning it stimulates the immune system and is a perfect carrier for proteins we want the ...
Biochemical Analysis of Manganese Superoxide Dismutase Mutations
Manganese Superoxide Dismutase, MnSOD, is a catalyst for antioxidant activity and provides a mechanism to convert highly active superoxide molecules radicals to a less toxic molecule in the form of hydrogen peroxide. This ...
What the HEC?: Functionality of Human Erythrocyte Catalase
Human Erythrocyte Catalase (HEC) is an enzyme that catalyzes the 2-step decomposition of hydrogen peroxide, H2O2, to water and oxygen inside the red blood cells of humans. In 1 second, HEC can decompose up to 1 million ...
The Mutation of Amyloid Precursor Protein and the Development of Alzheimer's Disease
Alzheimer's Disease is a build of problematic plaques in the brain. These plaques are caused by the mutation of the amyloid precursor protein (APP). It is expressed in a wide range of different cell types including neurons. ...
The Analysis of Peroxiredoxin-1 and its Oxidative Properties in Homo sapiens
Peroxiredoxin1 (PRX-1) is an antioxidant protein that functions to regulate oxidative stress in aerobic organisms by reducing hydrogen peroxide.
The Clinical Aspects of Epilysin (MMP28)
The study of metalloproteinases like epilysin focuses on structurally similar enzymes that include a metal core. These proteins play important roles in breaking down other material found in the spaces between individual ...
Heavy Metal on the Brain: CeruloplasminTess
The absence of functional ceruloplasminferroxidase activity impairs the body’s ability to export iron out of its tissues. The resulting accumulation of iron in the cells result in tissue damage and ultimately health concerns ...
A Review of Cortisol: The “Stress Hormone”
Cortisol, also known as hydrocortisone, is a steroid hormone produced by the adrenal cortex in the adrenal gland of mammals. The zona fasciculata is the tissue that produces this glucocorticoid in response to stimulation ...
A Review of Thyroid Hormones and Graves’ Disease
There are two different types of thyroid hormones, T3 and T4. These two types mostly differ in their concentrations and potencies, with T3 being approx. 3x more potent than T4, and T4 being approx. 4x more prevalent in the ...