The effects of the Three Jars Game on 9th grade students' academic productivity and social interactions in Spanish II class.
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SubjectBehavior disorders in children.; Homework -- Activity programs.; Social skills -- Study and teaching.; Motivation in education.; Spanish language -- Study and teaching -- United States.
Homework is an educational strategy used to improve student understanding of content taught in class. It provides a means for students to further their knowledge through additional, independent practice. Many studies have shown that completing homework correctly has a positive effect on student learning. The problem is that large numbers of students in many classes are not doing their homework and many of those who do complete it incorrectly. The present study showed how the Three Jars intervention package containing group contingencies, small competing teams, and mystery motivators, was used to improve the homework completion, homework accuracy, and decrease negative social behavior rates for a 9th grade Spanish classroom. The Three Jars produced immediate and sustained positive results that improved students’ Spanish homework grades. Intervention effects were replicated across subsequent experimental phases and the teachers and pupils rated intervention goals, procedures, and outcomes quite favorably. Implications for future research and practice are discussed.