Differences in goal orientation between athletes in individual sports versus team sports
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SubjectCollege athletes -- Psychology.; College sports -- Psychological aspects.; Teamwork (Sports) -- Psychological aspects.
Purpose of this study was to discover whether differences in goal orientations (task-involved or ego-involved) exist between athletes who participate in team sports (e.g., softball, baseball, basketball, ice hockey, lacrosse) versus athletes who compete in individual sports (e.g., track and field, swimming and diving) using the Perception of Success Questionnaire (POSQ). In addition to the 12 items on the questionnaire, the 322 male and female NCAA Division III college athlete participants recorded their sex, class standing, and age. The participants’ task-involvement and ego-involvement scores were then analyzed using a Mann-Whitney test. It was found that males have higher ego-involvement scores than females, and team sport athletes had higher ego-involvement scores than individual sport athletes. There were no significant results pertaining to task-involvement scores based on sex or type of sport.
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