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dc.contributor.authorEvangelista, Denis Charlesen_US
dc.contributor.otherDepartment of Biomedical Engineeringen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-05-17T12:20:34Z
dc.date.available2012-05-17T12:20:34Z
dc.date.issued1-May-11en_US
dc.date.submittedMay-11en_US
dc.identifierEvangelista_grad.sunysb_0771M_10559.pdfen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1951/55995
dc.description.abstractLow back pain is one of the most costly ailments in the world today. A key biological structure studied in the research of low back pain is the facet joint. The facet joint is thought to both play a role in the causation of low back pain through its response to noxious loading and in its relief through beneficial loading caused by spine manipulation. The purpose of these studies is to use a computational model to predict the biomechanical response of the facet joints to various loading parameters. This was accomplished using a linear 3D Finite Element model of the T12-S1 vertebrae of the spine with detailed facet geometry. The model was validated against a cadaver model under simulated chiropractic spine manipulation. The model was then modified and utilized to observe the effects of microgravity of the facet joints and predicted that the facets do not play a role in the cause of back pain among astronauts due to exposure to microgravity environments. Finally, the model was modified to have degenerated discs at the L5S1, L4L5, and L3L4 vertebral gaps and was used to show that degenerated discs affect the stresses and strains on the facets in adjacent intervertebral gaps.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipStony Brook University Libraries. SBU Graduate School in Department of Biomedical Engineering. Lawrence Martin (Dean of Graduate School).en_US
dc.formatElectronic Resourceen_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherThe Graduate School, Stony Brook University: Stony Brook, NY.en_US
dc.subject.lcshBiomedical Engineeringen_US
dc.subject.otherDegenerative Disc Disease, FEM, Lumbar, Microgravity, Spine, Spine Manipualtionen_US
dc.titleInvestigation of Facet Joint Capsule Biomechanics of the Lumbar Spine: A Finite Element Studyen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.description.advisorAdvisor(s): Yi-Xian Qin. Wei Lin. Committee Member(s): Yu Zhou. .en_US
dc.mimetypeApplication/PDFen_US


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