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dc.contributor.advisorMunich, Adrienneen_US
dc.contributor.authorCostello, Virginiaen_US
dc.contributor.otherDepartment of Englishen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-05-15T18:02:45Z
dc.date.available2012-05-15T18:02:45Z
dc.date.issued1-Dec-10en_US
dc.date.submittedDec-10en_US
dc.identifierCostello_grad.sunysb_0771E_10377.pdfen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1951/55399
dc.description.abstractMy dissertation seeks both to discover and analyze a current of anarchism present in the autobiographies and other works of two early-twentieth-century radical and radically different women: Emma Goldman and Dorothy Day. Both activists sought to express their anarchism, not primarily through political theory or through anarchist political action but through an explicit form of living: their radicalism was an aesthetic anarchism in that they advocated and exemplified a practice of radical self-creation. For Goldman this meant she synthesized politics, sexuality, and aesthetic sensibility. In her lectures and essays she employed drama, particularly George Bernard Shaw's, to convey her anarchist message. Whereas Goldman became a leading force in the anarchist movement, Day founded the Catholic Worker movement, which combined two apparently disparate ideas: Catholicism and anarchism. To explain the contradictory elements in these ideas, Day employed Fyodor Dostoyevsky's work, particularly his description of a harsh and dreadful love. This aesthetic anarchism practiced by Goldman and Day can be fruitfully contrasted to the tradition of aesthetics that privileges literary work such as that found in T.S. Eliot's The Waste Land, over the work of living day-to-day.During the late-nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries, fed by a handful of acts of political violence committed by self-declared anarchists, sensationalized press coverage of those acts, and government surveillance of anarchist meetings and anarchists themselves, anarchism in the United States became virtually synonymous with political violence. Theoretically, however, anarchism is nonviolent; at the same time, its reputation for violence is not entirely undeserved. Viewed not as a political theory but as a form of life, anarchism requires a revolution that would dismantle the existing political state. This ideal anarchism, this aesthetic ideal, advocates the dismantling of every form of political power as necessary step to a more profound and challenging way of life. Thus I employ the notion of aesthetic anarchism both to describe its relation to and also to distinguish it from the various anarchisms, political and otherwise, that were current during the period of my concern and that influenced both Goldman and Day. This dissertation attempts to avoid the literature/theory hierarchy by focusing on the socio/historical/political moment as expressed through autobiography. Thus, the autobiographies of Goldman and Day are read as literary works as well as historical documents. Grounded in evidence from these autobiographies, personal and political correspondence, particularly correspondence between Goldman and Shaw, essays, lectures, a novel, and archival documents including Secret Service files, my dissertation seeks to show that Goldman and Day's aesthetic vision of anarchism was based on their belief in and commitment to the capacity of human goodness.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipStony Brook University Libraries. SBU Graduate School in Department of English. Lawrence Martin (Dean of Graduate School).en_US
dc.formatElectronic Resourceen_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherThe Graduate School, Stony Brook University: Stony Brook, NY.en_US
dc.subject.lcshAmerican Literature -- Gender Studies -- British & Irish Literatureen_US
dc.subject.otherAnarchism, Autobiography, Dorothy Day, Emma Goldman, George Bernard Shaw, T S Elioten_US
dc.titleRevolutionizing Literature: Anarchism in the Lives and Works of Emma Goldman, Dorothy Day, and Bernard Shawen_US
dc.typeDissertationen_US
dc.description.advisorAdvisor(s): Adrienne Munich. Committee Member(s): Celia Marshik; E. Ann Kaplan; Miriam Brody.en_US
dc.mimetypeApplication/PDFen_US
dc.embargo.release8/1/12en_US
dc.embargo.period2 Yearsen_US


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