ItemTompkins Cortland Community College Open Educational Resources Playbook: A guide for implementation(2014) DeFranco, Tony; Christofferson, MartyTompkins Cortland Community College joined six other colleges/universities across the United States, in 2011, to find ways to improve student outcomes by using OER. This group called Kaleidoscope, was developed using a Next Generation Learning Challenges grant. The theory was by providing low/no cost textbooks and online resources, we could insure all students have access to these important resources, which would not only save them money, but would also improve outcomes. OER are freely available and replace expensive commercial textbooks, which on average cost U.S. college students more than $1,200 per year according to 2013-2014 data from The College Board. Students are able to access content on the day classes begin or earlier, which allows them to engage courses more rapidly and readily. Key outcomes for students include increased passing rates, improved student engagement, and improved retention rates.