Presidential Scholars Projects

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    The Influence of Roman Military Camps on Town Planning
    (2011-01-27T15:09:44Z) Lyon, Robert M.
    Debate over what influenced Roman city plans has permeated the scholarly community for decades. One hypothesis, with which I am in agreement, is that it was the Roman castra, or military camps, that provided a source for the design of these towns. Whether the town plans were directly based on military camp layouts, or merely adapted some of their features, Roman legionary fortresses appear to have had significant influence on city planning and construction. Researching this topic is often made difficult by later building; in some cases centuries or even millennia of building have occurred on top of the original settlements. As a consequence, scholars have conducted little in-depth research on this subject. However, by using a combination of ancient and contemporary documentary sources, I have compiled a scholarly argument for the influence of Roman military camps on town planning.
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    The Overwintering Habitat Of Blanding’s Turtles in Northern New York
    (2011-01-25T14:48:33Z) Hill, Brayton
    The overwintering habitat of Blanding’s turtles, a threatened species in Northern New York, is largely unknown. It is also unknown whether all age and sex classes of these turtles select similar habitats or make periodic winter movements. Trapped in early spring and then tracked routinely throughout winter months, turtles’ locations were documented and compared to determine if they select specific habitat features. Data from this study is being summarized in a technical report to the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, who will use it to help prepare a recovery plan for this species.
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    Iron delivery to cells: The role of human serum transferring
    (2010-12-15T16:15:17Z) Kandemir, Banu
    Iron is a metal essential to life and is necessary for a wide variety of metabolic purposes. Transferrin is a naturally occurring metal chelating protein responsible for the transport and donation of iron. My goal is to make use of a technique known as Isothermal Titration Calorimetry (ITC) in order to have a better insight into the interaction of different protein forms and their receptors. Isothermal Titration Calorimetry is a simple quantitative means available for measuring the thermodynamic properties of any molecular interaction and it is widely used by research labs all over the world. The thermodynamic parameters given by this instrument will provide a unique and effective way to better characterize the protein, to evaluate the contribution of each lobe to receptor binding and to probe any co-operativity between lobes in a completely controlled manner.
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    Incorporating Folk Music into a Public School String Program
    (2010-07-29T17:55:40Z) Hayden, Amanda
    The tradition of folk music can benefit any level of string teaching with its accessibility, culture, and intriguing history. All around the world, folk music is passed down through generations by rote, or without written music. Teaching students by rote, also known as “by ear,” immediately develops their sense of pitch, sound quality, and ability to play many styles of music. The combination of rote teaching and folk music in a string program can create a well-balanced curriculum. I have taught workshops, created a folk group within the Crane School of Music, invited guest artists to campus, and organized traditional folk dances. Teaching students to read music as well as to use their own ears to play string instruments is important, and this exciting genre easily lends itself to this type of learning.
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    Hemochromatosis and Ferritin
    (2010-07-29T17:36:01Z) Awomolo, Adeola
    The importance of iron in living systems cannot be overestimated. If iron is not managed efficiently, the aftermath could be catastrophic. My research project focused on understanding the structure and function of a major iron binding and storage protein called “Ferritin”. Because of its ubiquitous presence and involvement in iron balance, ferritin plays a key role in a multitude of human iron-related diseases such as hemochromatosis, anemia and a number of cancers and neurodegenerative diseases. These iron-related problems are mainly caused by the 'corrosive chemistry' of iron and oxygen. The World Health Organization estimates some 80% of the World's population (some five billion plus people) are afflicted with iron-related diseases. Thus, investigating the iron uptake and release by ferritin is a crucial step to understanding the underlying reasons of these diseases at the molecular level. The ultimate goal is to design drug molecules that would extract or deliver iron efficiently and thus treat these devastating diseases.